什么是CIMS?它是英語Computer Integrated Manufacturing Systen的縮寫,意思是計算機集成制造系統。它是隨著計算機輔助設計與制造的發展而產生的。它是在信息技術自動化技術與制造的基礎上,通過計算機技術把分散在產品設計棗制造過程中各種孤立的自動化子系統有機地集成起來,形成適用于多品種、小批量生產,實現整體效益的集成化和智能化制造系統。集成化反映了自動化的廣度,它把系統的范圍擴展到了市場預測、產品設計、加工制造、檢驗、銷售及售后服務等的全過程。智能化則體現了自動化的深度,它不僅涉及物資流控制的傳統體力勞動自動化,還包括信息流控制的腦力勞動的自動化。

當前,我國的CIMS已經改變為“現代集成制造(Contemporary Integrated Manufacturing)與現代集成制造系統(Contemporary Integrated Manufacturing System)”。它已在廣度與深度上拓展了原CIM/CIMS的內涵。其中,“現代”的含義是計算機化、信息化、智能化。“集成”有更廣泛的內容,它包括信息集成、過程集成及企業間集成等三個階段的集成優化;企業活動中三要素及三流的集成優化;CIMS有關技術的集成優化及各類人員的集成優化等。

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賴朝安 孫延明  鄭時雄

(華南理工大學 機電工程系 廣州 510640


關鍵詞:PDM 二次開發

中國分類號:TP391        文獻標識碼:A




LAI ChaoAnSUN YanMingZHENG ShiXong

(mechatronic engineering Department, south china university of technology, Guangzhou 510640)


Abstract: The basics of IMAN, a kind of commercial PDM system, are introduced, and the key problems during secondary development of IMAN are studied in this paper. It also put forward a new methodology of customizing form and discussed the methodology and rudder of secondary development in client terminal and the methodology of application encapsulation based on IMAN.

Keywords: PDM; secondary development


Multi-agent Based Integration of Scheduling Algorithms
注意:本論文已在Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference-Intelligent Systems and Control,2001.11:55-59 發表,

Dr. Bo Zhao, Prof. Dr. Yushun Fan 
Department of Automation, Tsinghua University 
Tsinghua Yuan, Beijing 100084 P. R. China  

ABSTRACT: Up to date more and more research of scheduling use Multi-agent System (MAS) technique. In this paper MAS is used to realize integration of scheduling algorithms. Firstly, Multi-agent Scheduling System (MASS) is divided into two types: Entity-type MASS and Process-type MASS. Some of the researches are introduced. Secondly, the concept of integration of scheduling algorithms is put forward. Thirdly, the models of agents, computing agent and manager, are proposed. Then a Process-type MASS of multi-agent based integration of scheduling algorithms, which compose above two sorts of agents, is built. Finally, we conclude by describing the significance of our research and highlighting future extensions.
KEY WORDS: Scheduling, Multi-agent System, Integration of Scheduling Algorithms, Multi-agent Scheduling System 



趙博  范玉順
(清華大學 自動化系 北京,100084)





Holo-extraction of information from paper drawings for 3D reconstruction


Computer-Aided Design Volume 34, Issue 9, August 2002, Pages 665-677

Ke-Zhang Chen,(a), Xi-Wen Zhang(b), Zong-Ying Ou(c) and Xin-An Feng(c) 

a Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
b State Key Laboratory for Novel Software Technology, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210093, China
c Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116024, China 

The research on the conversion from 2D paper drawings to 3D computer feature models has been stuck in low-level coding. One of the reasons for it is that the three phases of understanding process has been isolated and people have been doing their research on only one of the phases since the whole conversion is very complicated and more difficult. For instance, the vectorization methods for the first phase were developed only for getting straight lines, arcs, circles, etc. so that much information contained in the drawing has been lost after the vectorization. This paper develops a holo-extraction method of information from paper drawings, the networks of single closed regions (SCRs), which can not only provide a unified base for recognizing both the annotations and the outlines of projections of parts, but also build the holo-relationships among SCRs so that it is convenient to extract lexical, syntactic and semantic information in the subsequent phases for 3D reconstruction. 
Keywords: Engineering drawing understanding; 3D reconstruction; Vectorization; Networks of single closed regions 



Intelligent location-dimensioning of cylindrical surfaces in mechanical parts

Computer-Aided Design  Volume 34, Issue 3, March 2002, Pages 185-194

K. -Z. Chen (a) X. -A. Feng (b) and Q. -S. Lu(b) 

a Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
b Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China 


This paper presents an intelligent dimensioning approach to generate location-dimensions of the cylindrical surfaces in mechanical parts, for their two-dimensional drawing automatically from their three-dimensional part models based on feature extraction. The key issues include the strategies and methods to establish an order of priorities for location-dimensioning of the cylindrical surfaces in mechanical parts, to eliminate their location-dimension redundancy, to determine location-dimensioning scheme, to assign the necessary 
location-dimensions to suitable views, and to locate them in reasonable positions for each view using artificial intelligent techniques. Based on the approach, a corresponding software prototype was developed. Finally, it is demonstrated, from an example of location-dimensioning, that the location-dimensions of all the holes in the multi-spindle headstock of a modular machine tool, were generated successfully using this intelligent dimensioning software prototype. 
Keywords: Intelligent CAD; Dimensioning; Feature extraction; Expert system 


Intelligent approaches for generating assembly drawings from 3-D computer models of mechanical products

Computer-Aided Design Volume 34, Issue 5, 15 April 2002, Pages 347-355


Ke-Zhang Chen,(a), Xin-An Feng(b) and Lan Ding(b) 

a Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Hong Kong,  Hong Kong
b Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology,  Dalian 116024, China 

In order to reduce the time of mechanical product design and ensure the  high quality of their assembly drawings, this paper develops an  intelligent approach for generating assembly drawings automatically  from three-dimensional (3-D) computer assembly models of mechanical  products by simulating the experienced human designer's thinking mode  with the aid of computer graphics and knowledge-based expert system.  The key issues include the strategies and methods for selecting the  necessary views in an assembly drawing, determining necessary sectional  views in each view, eliminating the nreasonable projective overlap of  the components in each view, and minimizing the numbers of both the  views in an assembly drawing and the sectional views in each view.  Based on the approach, corresponding software prototype was developed.  Finally, it is demonstrated, from an example of the fixture in a  modularized drilling machine, that its assembly drawing was generated  successfully using this intelligent software prototype. 
Keywords: CAD; Intelligent CAD; Expert system; Artificial intelligence; Assembly; Drawing 



陳曉川 方明倫
(上海大學CIMS & 機器人中心 上海 200072 )

敘詞:全生命周期成本/壽命周期費用 面向成本的設計 價值工程
中圖分類號: TH122 F403.7

Chen-xiaochuan, Fang-minglun
(CIMS & Robotics Center, Shanghai University, Shanghai, China)

Abstract: The concept, composition and estimation of life cycle cost (LCC) were profoundly studied and presented in detail. Then the state-of-the-art of applications of LCC analysis home and abroad to product design, value engineering(VE), equipment management and so on is also comprehensively summarized. And according to the practical situations in China, LCC analysis was proposed to be not only used in military applications but also especially in civilian applications. Finally, the hot point of LCC research work and approaches in China should be as follows: LCC’s normal establishment, Design For Cost (DFC) and VE, LCC data collection, etc. 
Key words: Life cycle cost Design for cost Value engineering


注意:本論文已經在《控制與決策》(2003, 18(1):1-6)雜志發表

趙 博 范玉順

摘要:對十幾年來MAS技術在生產調度領域中應用的研究成果進行了深入分析,歸納了MASS(多代理調度系統,Multi-Agent Scheduling System)的基本特征和系統框架,并按照不同的技術路線提出把MASS分成兩大類:實體型MASS和過程型MASS,然后對兩大類MASS的代理定義、系統結構和主要的代理協商策略等進行了更具體的研究,同時對兩類系統的特點進行了比較,最后對未來的發展提出了展望。

Zhao Bo, Fan Yushun
(National CIMS Engineering Research Center,Dept. of Automation, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China,100084)

Abstract: Results of the research of using MAS technique into production scheduling field in past decade are deeply analyzed. The basal feature and framework of MASS (Multi-Agent Scheduling System) are summarized. According to different paths of using the MAS technique, a view is put forward of that MASS should be divided into two types: entity-type MASS and process-type MASS. Then the definitions of their agents, the architecture of systems, some important agent negotiation strategy and etc. of the two types MASS are studied in detail. At the same time their character are compared. Finally, future’s development of this field is discussed.
Keywords: Multi-Agent System; MAS; Scheduling; MASS; Multi-Agent Scheduling System;


①陳云  方明倫 ②李 剛 
(①上海大學CIMS&機器人中心 上海200072)
( ②上海德爾福汽車空調系統有限公司 上海201204)

關鍵詞: 正逆向混合設計,快速原型,快速制模,CIMS

Research and Application of Product Hybrid Modeling and Rapid Integrated Manufacturing System
1.Chen Yun , Fang Minglun, 2.Li Gang
(.1.CIMS Research Center, Shanghai University, Shanghai
, 200072)
(2.Shanghai Delphi Auto Air Condition System Company, Shanghai 201204)

Abstract: A new method , which integrates product hybrid modeling and rapid integrated manufacturing system, is present. It is suggested that how to use this method. This technology can be learned by other enterprises that use advanced manufacturing technology.
Keyworks: Hybrid modeling, Rapid prototype, Rapid pattern making, CIMS



上海大學 CIMS 與機器人中心,上海 200072 ;2. 上海大學 計算機學院,上海 200072)

摘要:實現資源共享、協同工作、實時動態建立虛擬組織是網絡化制造追求的最終目標,也是網格計算的主要功能和特點。作者結合兩者提出了制造網格(MG) 的概念,并建立了快速制造網格(RMG) 作為前期研究和試點工程。同時,采用WSDL 描述、服務映射與實現、服務部署等方法,將快速制造資源描述和封裝成服務(RMSN) ,解決了制約網格技術向制造業推廣的瓶頸,并以應用實例說明了具體的實現方法。
關鍵詞:網絡化制造; 網格計算; 制造網格(MG) ; 快速制造網格( RMG) ; 快速制造服務結點( RMSN)

Research on Rapid Manufacturing Grid and Its Service Nodes
LIU Lilan1 ,YU Tao1 ,SHI Zhanbei2 ,FANG Minglun1
(1. CIMS Research Center of Shanghai University , Shanghai
200072 ,China ;2. Computer Department of Shanghai University ,Shanghai 200072 ,China) 

Abstract :The objectives of Network Manufacturing are resource sharing ,collaborative working ,and building virtual organizations dynamically. These objectires are also the main characters of grid. Combining with both Manufacturing Grid(MG) and Rapid Manufacturing Grid ( RMG) as its preresearch ,it is the first time put forward in this paper. At the same time ,in order to encapsulate rapid manufacturing resource into Rapid Manufacturing Service Node(RMSN) ,the methods of WSDL description , service mapping and realization , service deploying are adopted and valideted in RMG.
Key words :Network Manufacturing ; Manufacturing Grid (MG) ;rapid manufacturing Grid(RMG) ;Rapid Manufacturing Service Node (RMSN)




上海大學 CIMS 與機器人中心,上海 200072 ;2. 上海大學 計算機學院,上海 200072)

關鍵詞:自組織理論 網格技術 自組織制造網格 多目標調度算法

Self - organization Manufacturing Grid and Its Task Schedul ing Algorithm
LIU Lilan1 ,YU Tao1 ,SHI Zhanbei2 ,FANG Minglun1
(1. CIMS Research Center of Shanghai University , Shanghai
200072 ,China ;2. Computer Department of Shanghai University ,Shanghai 200072 ,China) 

Abstract :This paper puts forward the conception of Self-Organization Manufacturing Grid (SOMG) by analyzing the characteristics of self-organization manufacturing system and the system framework of Manufacturing Grid (MG). With the proposal of TQCS-based (Time, Quality, Cost, Service) multi-objective integer programming algorithm, the problem of task scheduling is settled in resource management and scheduling model, which is very important in building the virtual organization (VO), resource sharing and collaborative working environment. The feasibility of SOMG and its scheduling algorithm are tested in an instance.
Key words :self-organization grid technology self-organization manufacturing grid multi-objective scheduling algorithm

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